Negacionismo climático e desinformação online: uma revisão de escopo

Autores

  • Rose Marie Santini Escola de Comunicação, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0657-7217
  • Carlos Eduardo Barros Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência da Informação, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4947-4157

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18617/liinc.v18i1.5948

Palavras-chave:

negacionismo, mudanças climáticas, Ciência, desinformação, redes sociais

Resumo

Esforços de síntese de evidências vêm apontando para o avanço das formas organizadas de desinformação e negação do conhecimento científico sobre a mudança climática global. Em vários países do mundo, há um forte debate sobre a difusão dessas narrativas no ambiente online e seus impactos políticos, sociais e econômicos. Neste trabalho, realizamos uma revisão de escopo aplicada às bases Web of Science e Scopus, a fim de mapear como a literatura acadêmica internacional vem descrevendo as relações entre o negacionismo da ciência sobre mudanças climáticas e o uso de campanhas de desinformação no século XXI, assim como as possíveis lacunas e apontamentos desses estudos para a agenda de pesquisas. Em todos os tipos de mídias estudados nos 31 artigos selecionados, foi identificada uma predominância de discursos contrários ao consenso científico sobre o tema, alavancada por campanhas de desinformação organizadas, inclusive, por atores governamentais. Observamos um crescimento significativo do campo nos últimos anos, assim como transformações estratégicas nas comunicações negacionistas tendendo a uma disputa maior da opinião pública sobre a ciência

Biografia do Autor

  • Rose Marie Santini, Escola de Comunicação, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil

    Professor da Escola de Comunicação da UFRJ. Departamento de Métodos e Áreas Conexas. Professora do Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciência da Informação do convênio IBICT/ECO-UFRJ. Linha de pesquisa 1: Comunicação, Organização e Gestão da Informação e do Conhecimento

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20/05/2022

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Desafios das Ciências sociais no Antropoceno

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Negacionismo climático e desinformação online: uma revisão de escopo. Liinc em Revista, [S. l.], v. 18, n. 1, p. e5948, 2022. DOI: 10.18617/liinc.v18i1.5948. Disponível em: https://revista.ibict.br/liinc/article/view/5948.. Acesso em: 16 jun. 2024.

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